The heart transplant is a Surgical procedure which is done to remove an infected or damaged heart and replace it with a healthy heart of the donor.
The patient is supposed to stay in the hospital from one to three weeks after the heart transplant is done. For The first 48 hours, the patient is kept in ICU (Intensive care unit). For the first few days after the transplant is performed, the patient is recommended to follow up his cardiologist regularly to make sure that the transplanted heart is working well and is uncontaminated.
It may take 3 months for the recovery but regular check ups, ECGs, and x-rays continues for several years. The anti rejection medications must be taken very carefully in order to sustain the normal condition.
The biopsy of the heart muscle is performed every month for the first six to twelve months and then it becomes less often.
However the the routine physical life may be regained within three to six months, but the patient is recommended not to do vigorous activities. The patient needs to ensure that he doesn't develops coronary disease after the transplant as he goes through cardiac catheterization every year. other organs such as kidney, liver, lungs etc.
g. Those who have no family support or can not continue post sugery treatments and check ups
h. Those who have any other health realated complications
The patient is examined thoroughly by the team of proficient cardiologists and physicians to make sure that he/she is fit enough to undergo transplant. Thereafter the patient is given general anesthesia to undergo a deep sleep. After that, an incision is made through the chestbone to execue the surgery further. Meanwhile the surgeon performs the surgery, a heart-lung bypass machine is used to circulate the blood and oxygen in the patient's body
The infected heart is detached and the healthy heart of the donor is stitched. Thereafter the heart-lung machine is removed and blood starts circulating through the transplanted heart.
Bruises and damages due to anti-rejection medicines to the important organs of the body such as kidney, lungs and liver and also high cholestrol, weakening of the bones, diabetes, cancer etc due to the same. Blood clots